Archive for November, 2007

Project 006 Ideas vol.3

November 23, 2007
  • The landscape of my animation is arid and desert-like, though with some amount of vegetation. I want to represent a landscape with “martian” feeling.
  • The atmosphere has been changed much by terraforming and now it is almost the same as that of Earth.
  • However, the martian climate is still harsh and much like that of desert, with dust storm.
  • The human colony is like an oasis in desert.
  • The plants outside are like those in desert, savannah, and areas above tree line.

Project 006 Ideas vol.2

November 21, 2007

I read the project statement again, and found that I was going in a wrong direction. The animation should describe Mars after terraforming has completed, not the state of several decades after the beginning of terraforming.

These are some nice pictures I found on Internet.

 terraforming.jpg terraforming_01.jpg

Project 006 Image of Martian Village

November 21, 2007

martian village

This collage shows the appearance of a small community on Mars. Residential buildings are short and with small windows and thick wall like a pillbox. Greenhouses supply vegetable. Most of the plants still can’t live outside, and only some species of lichen that have strong tolerance of the harsh condition start spreading on the martian surface. Factories and storehouses provide materials like steel, brick, chemical substances, and so on.  

Project 006 Ideas

November 21, 2007
  • At that time, the martian community still depends much on Earth. A regular flight of space ship goes back and forth between Mars and Earth, carrying people, material, and machines. The base for that is build within the martian community.
  • Some communities are not connected by roadways, because the communies are not big enough to maintain roadways. Offroad rovers and airplanes connect the communities.
  • The contrast between outside and inside of buildings is strong. Harsh outside environment versus comfortable inner paradise, like the relation between outside and inside in Islamic gardens.

Project 006 Research on Mars Environment

November 21, 2007

I researched on Mars Environment in order to make a story of my final animation. I found that Mars environment is quite different from that of Earth.

  • Mars’ rotational period and seasonal cycle are similar to those of Earth.
  • The gravity is 40% of that on Earth.
  • No magnetic field
  • Fe2O3 or hematite or rust makes Mars look reddish orange.
  • The surface material is basalt.
  • The surface pressure is less than 1% of Earth. Since the atmosphere is thin, heat transfer is little and insulation is poor.
  • The temperature is lower than that of Earth, ranging from -140 C to 20 C.
  • Water exists as either gas or ice and can’t exist as liquid. Large portion of surface ice is two polar caps.
  • The composition of the atmosphere is 95% of CO2, 3% of N2, and 3% of Ar. This is quite different from that of Earth; 78% of N2, 20.9% of O2, 0.9% of Ar, and 0.04% of CO2.
  • Little amount of methane has been detected.
  • The dust storm both over a small area or the whole planet

My animation is going to depict the situation several decades after the beginning of terraforming. People have built inhabitable environment somewhat, but it has just begun, and far from a matured city. The features of the martian environment I mentioned above have following influence on the martian human life.

  • The existance of iron is good for making steel, thus good for various industries including architecture and civil engineering.
  • 42-52% of the weight of basalt is SiO2. Large amount of glass and brick can be made out of basalt, as described in Red Mars.
  • In order to stand the dust storm, the buildings should be short and thier windows should be small, like a pillbox. Since the outside is under low air pressure and cold, the wall shoud be thick for the sake of insulation.
  • Since the air is really thin, wing and propeller of airplane don’t work. Because of the lack of O2, jet engine doesn’t work, too. Rocket engine is the only option available.
  • Fossil fuel is not available on Mars. Available energy sources are solar electricity, atomic power, and possibly methane gas.